Safe Streets and Communities Act (S.C. 2012, c. 1)

Assented to 2012-03-13

Marginal note:2005, c. 32, s. 9.1; 2008, c. 6, par. 54(g)

 Paragraph 171(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:

  • (b) to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 90 days if the person is 16 years of age or more but under the age of 18 years.

 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 171:

Marginal note:Making sexually explicit material available to child
  • 171.1 (1) Every person commits an offence who transmits, makes available, distributes or sells sexually explicit material to

    • (a) a person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 18 years, for the purpose of facilitating the commission of an offence under subsection 153(1), section 155, 163.1, 170 or 171 or subsection 212(1), (2), (2.1) or (4) with respect to that person;

    • (b) a person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 16 years, for the purpose of facilitating the commission of an offence under section 151 or 152, subsection 160(3) or 173(2) or section 271, 272, 273 or 280 with respect to that person; or

    • (c) a person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 14 years, for the purpose of facilitating the commission of an offence under section 281 with respect to that person.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1)

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 90 days; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 30 days.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (3) Evidence that the person referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) was represented to the accused as being under the age of 18, 16 or 14 years, as the case may be, is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof that the accused believed that the person was under that age.

  • Marginal note:No defence

    (4) It is not a defence to a charge under paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) that the accused believed that the person referred to in that paragraph was at least 18, 16 or 14 years of age, as the case may be, unless the accused took reasonable steps to ascertain the age of the person.

  • Definition of “sexually explicit material”

    (5) In subsection (1), “sexually explicit material” means material that is not child pornography, as defined in subsection 163.1(1), and that is

    • (a) a photographic, film, video or other visual representation, whether or not it was made by electronic or mechanical means,

      • (i) that shows a person who is engaged in or is depicted as engaged in explicit sexual activity, or

      • (ii) the dominant characteristic of which is the depiction, for a sexual purpose, of a person’s genital organs or anal region or, if the person is female, her breasts;

    • (b) written material whose dominant characteristic is the description, for a sexual purpose, of explicit sexual activity with a person; or

    • (c) an audio recording whose dominant characteristic is the description, presentation or representation, for a sexual purpose, of explicit sexual activity with a person.

Marginal note:2002, c. 13, s. 8; 2008, c. 6, s. 14
  •  (1) The portion of subsection 172.1(1) of the Act before paragraph (c) is replaced by the following:

    Marginal note:Luring a child
    • 172.1 (1) Every person commits an offence who, by a means of telecommunication, communicates with

      • (a) a person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 18 years, for the purpose of facilitating the commission of an offence under subsection 153(1), section 155, 163.1, 170 or 171 or subsection 212(1), (2), (2.1) or (4) with respect to that person;

      • (b) a person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 16 years, for the purpose of facilitating the commission of an offence under section 151 or 152, subsection 160(3) or 173(2) or section 271, 272, 273 or 280 with respect to that person; or

  • Marginal note:2002, c. 13, s. 8; 2007, c. 20, s. 1

    (2) Subsection 172.1(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Punishment

      (2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1)

      • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of one year; or

      • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 90 days.

  • Marginal note:2002, c. 13, s. 8

    (3) Subsection 172.1(3) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Présomption

      (3) La preuve que la personne visée aux alinéas (1)a), b) ou c) a été présentée à l’accusé comme ayant moins de dix-huit, seize ou quatorze ans, selon le cas, constitue, sauf preuve contraire, la preuve que l’accusé la croyait telle.

Marginal note:R.S., c. 19 (3rd Supp.), s. 7(1); 2010, c. 17, s. 2

 Section 173 of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Agreement or arrangement — sexual offence against child
  • 172.2 (1) Every person commits an offence who, by a means of telecommunication, agrees with a person, or makes an arrangement with a person, to commit an offence

    • (a) under subsection 153(1), section 155, 163.1, 170 or 171 or subsection 212(1), (2), (2.1) or (4) with respect to another person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 18 years;

    • (b) under section 151 or 152, subsection 160(3) or 173(2) or section 271, 272, 273 or 280 with respect to another person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 16 years; or

    • (c) under section 281 with respect to another person who is, or who the accused believes is, under the age of 14 years.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1)

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of one year; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 90 days.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (3) Evidence that the person referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) was represented to the accused as being under the age of 18, 16 or 14 years, as the case may be, is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof that the accused believed that the person was under that age.

  • Marginal note:No defence

    (4) It is not a defence to a charge under paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) that the accused believed that the person referred to in that paragraph was at least 18, 16 or 14 years of age, as the case may be, unless the accused took reasonable steps to ascertain the age of the person.

  • Marginal note:No defence

    (5) It is not a defence to a charge under paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c)

    • (a) that the person with whom the accused agreed or made an arrangement was a peace officer or a person acting under the direction of a peace officer; or

    • (b) that, if the person with whom the accused agreed or made an arrangement was a peace officer or a person acting under the direction of a peace officer, the person referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) did not exist.

Marginal note:Indecent acts
  • 173. (1) Everyone who wilfully does an indecent act in a public place in the presence of one or more persons, or in any place with intent to insult or offend any person,

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months.

  • Marginal note:Exposure

    (2) Every person who, in any place, for a sexual purpose, exposes his or her genital organs to a person who is under the age of 16 years

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 90 days; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 30 days.

 Paragraph (a) of the definition “offence” in section 183 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (xxix):

  • (xxix.1) section 170 (parent or guardian procuring sexual activity),

  • (xxix.2) section 171 (householder permitting sexual activity),

  • (xxix.3) section 171.1 (making sexually explicit material available to child),

  • (xxix.4) section 172.1 (luring a child),

  • (xxix.5) section 172.2 (agreement or arrangement — sexual offence against child),

Marginal note:R.S., c. 19 (3rd Supp.), s. 10; 1994, c. 44, s. 19

 Section 271 of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Sexual assault

271. Everyone who commits a sexual assault is guilty of

  • (a) an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years and, if the complainant is under the age of 16 years, to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of one year; or

  • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 18 months and, if the complainant is under the age of 16 years, to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of 90 days.

 
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