Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2016-08-26. Previous Versions

  •  (1) No person shall sell elemental iron powder for use in foods as a source of iron as a mineral nutrient unless

    • (a) subject to paragraph (b), the powder meets the specifications for

      • (i) Iron, Carbonyl,

      • (ii) Iron, Electrolytic, or

      • (iii) Iron, Reduced,

      as set out in the Food Chemicals Codex, Third Edition, 1981, published by the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; and

    • (b) in the case of Iron, Reduced, 100 per cent by weight of the particles pass through a 100 mesh sieve and at least 95 per cent by weight of the particles pass through a 325 mesh sieve.

  • (2) No person shall sell a food to which elemental iron powder has been added as a source of iron as a mineral nutrient unless the powder meets the requirements referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b).

  • SOR/84-303, s. 1.

 No person shall sell a food to which sodium iron pyrophosphate has been added as a source of iron as a mineral nutrient unless

  • (a) the bioavailability of the iron in the food is not less than 50 per cent of the bioavailability of ferrous sulphate as determined by official method FO-42, Determination of Bioavailability of Iron, December 15, 1982; and

  • (b) that person retains documentary evidence showing that the bioavailability of the iron in the food has been determined by the official method referred to in paragraph (a) and, on request by the Director, submits such evidence to the Director.

  • SOR/84-303, s. 1.

TABLE I

Recommended Daily Intake

ItemColumn IColumn IIColumn III
Mineral NutrientUnitsFootnote for TABLE I Recommended Daily Intake*Intake of persons 2 years of age or olderIntake of infants and children less than 2 years of age
1Calcium(mg)1100500
2Phosphorus(mg)1100500
3Magnesium(mg)25055
4Iron(mg)147
5Zinc(mg)94
6Iodide(µg)16055
7Selenium(µg)5015
8Copper(mg)20.5
9Manganese(mg)21.2
10Chromium(µg)12012
11Molybdenum(µg)7515
12Chloride(mg)34001000
  • SOR/88-559, s. 34;
  • SOR/96-259, s. 6;
  • SOR/2003-11, s. 36.

TABLE II

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake

ItemColumn IColumn IIColumn III
Mineral NutrientUnitsAmount
1Calciummilligrams780
2Iodidemicrograms155
3Ironmilligrams10
4Phosphorusmilligrams885
5Magnesiummilligrams210
6Zincmilligrams10
  • SOR/96-259, s. 7.

DIVISION 3Addition of Vitamins, Mineral Nutrients or Amino Acids to Foods

  •  (1) In this Division, the expressions vitamin and mineral nutrient have the same meaning as in Divisions 1 and 2.

  • (2) This Division applies only in respect of foods that are represented as containing a vitamin, mineral nutrient or amino acid for use in human nutrition.

  • SOR/88-559, s. 35.
  •  (1) Subject to section D.03.003, no person shall sell a food to which a vitamin, mineral nutrient or amino acid has been added unless the food is listed in Column I of the Table to this section and the vitamin, mineral nutrient or amino acid, as the case may be, is listed opposite that food in Column II of the Table.

  • (2) No milk or milk product or derivative listed in Column I of the Table to this section applies to the lacteal secretion obtained from the mammary gland of any animal other than a cow, genus Bos, or a product or derivative of such secretion unless that animal is identified therein.

    TABLE

    Column IColumn II
    FoodVitamin, Mineral Nutrient or Amino Acid
    1Breakfast cerealsThiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, pantothenic acid, magnesium, iron and zinc.
    2Fruit nectars, vegetable drinks, bases and mixes for vegetable drinks and a mixture of vegetable juicesVitamin C.
    2.1Fruit flavoured drinks that meet all the requirements of section B.11.150Vitamin C, folic acid, thiamine, iron, potassium.
    2.2Bases, concentrates and mixes that are used for making fruit flavoured drinks and that meet all the requirements of section B.11.151Vitamin C, folic acid, thiamine, iron, potassium.
    3Infant cereal productsThiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine.
    4Margarine and other similar substitutes for butterVitamin A, Vitamin D, alpha-tocopherol
    5Alimentary pastesThiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, folic acid, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, iron, magnesium
    6Infant formulas and formulated liquid dietsAmino acids — alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, cystine, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, hydroxyproline, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, taurine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine;
    Minerals — calcium, chloride, chromium, copper, iodide, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc;
    Vitamins — alpha-tocopherol, biotin, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin K.
    6.1Foods represented for use in a very low energy dietVitamins — alpha-tocopherol, biotin, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin K Minerals — calcium, chloride, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc
    7Flavoured beverage mixes and bases recommended for addition to milkVitamin A, thiamine, niacin or niacinamide, vitamin C, iron.
    8Simulated meat products, simulated poultry meat products, meat product extenders and poultry product extendersThiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, vitamin B12, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, copper, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine.
    9Meal replacements and nutritional supplementsVitamins — alpha-tocopherol, biotin, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D
    Minerals — calcium, chloride, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc
    9.1Ready breakfast, instant breakfast and other similar breakfast replacement foods however describedVitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, vitamin C, iron
    10Condensed milk, milk, milk powder, sterilized milk, (naming the flavour) milkVitamin D.
    11Skim milk with added milk solids, partly skimmed milk with added milk solids, (naming the flavour) skim milk, (naming the flavour) partly skimmed milk, (naming the flavour) skim milk with added milk solids, (naming the flavour) partly skimmed milk with added milk solids, skim milk, partly skimmed milk, skim milk powderVitamin A, vitamin D.
    12Evaporated milkVitamin C, vitamin D.
    13Evaporated skim milk, concentrated skim milk, evaporated partly skimmed milk, concentrated partly skimmed milkVitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D.
    14Apple juice, reconstituted apple juice, grape juice, reconstituted grape juice, pineapple juice, reconstituted pineapple juice, apple and (naming the fruit) juice as described in section B.11.132, concentrated fruit juice except frozen concentrated orange juiceVitamin C.
    15Flour, White Flour, Enriched Flour or Enriched White FlourThiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, d-pantothenic acid, calcium, iron, magnesium.
    16[Repealed, SOR/94-689, s. 2]
    17Table salt, table salt substitutesIodine.
    18Dehydrated potatoesVitamin C.
    19Products simulating whole eggVitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, vitamin B6, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, vitamin B12, alphatocopherol, calcium, iron, zinc, potassium.
    20[Repealed, SOR/90-830, s. 11]
    21Goat’s milk, goat’s milk powderVitamin D
    22Partly skimmed goat’s milk, skimmed goat’s milk, partly skimmed goat’s milk powder, skimmed goat’s milk powderVitamins A and D
    23Evaporated goat’s milkVitamins C, D, folic acid
    24Evaporated partly skimmed goat’s milk, evaporated skimmed goat’s milkVitamins A, C, D, folic acid
    25Pre-cooked rice as defined in subsection B.13.010.1(1)Thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, pantothenic acid, iron
    26Mineral water, spring water, water in sealed containers, prepackaged iceFluorine
    27Liquid whole egg, dried whole egg, frozen whole egg, liquid yolk, dried yolk, frozen yolk, liquid egg-white, (liquid albumen), dried egg-white (dried albumen), frozen egg-white (frozen albumen), liquid whole egg mix, dried whole egg mix, frozen whole egg mix, liquid yolk mix, dried yolk mix, frozen yolk mixVitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folacin, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc
  • SOR/78-64, s. 8;
  • SOR/78-403, s. 29;
  • SOR/78-478, s. 3;
  • SOR/78-637, s. 11(E);
  • SOR/78-698, s. 10;
  • SOR/79-6, s. 1;
  • SOR/81-60, s. 14;
  • SOR/83-858, s. 2;
  • SOR/84-300, s. 62;
  • SOR/85-623, s. 4;
  • SOR/86-320, s. 2;
  • SOR/87-640, s. 10;
  • SOR/88-559, s. 36;
  • SOR/89-145, s. 3;
  • SOR/89-198, s. 18;
  • SOR/90-830, s. 11;
  • SOR/94-35, s. 5;
  • SOR/94-689, s. 2;
  • SOR/95-474, s. 6;
  • SOR/96-259, s. 8;
  • SOR/2010-143, s. 39(E).
 
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