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Income Tax Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.))

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Act current to 2022-11-28 and last amended on 2022-11-17. Previous Versions

PART XVAdministration and Enforcement (continued)

General (continued)

Marginal note:Requirement to provide documents or information

  •  (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Minister may, subject to subsection (2), for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act (including the collection of any amount payable under this Act by any person), of a listed international agreement or, for greater certainty, of a tax treaty with another country, by notice sent or served in accordance with subsection (1.1), require that any person provide, within such reasonable time as is stipulated in the notice,

    • (a) any information or additional information, including a return of income or a supplementary return; or

    • (b) any document.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (1.1) A notice referred to in subsection (1) may be

    • (a) served personally;

    • (b) sent by registered or certified mail; or

    • (c) sent electronically to a bank or credit union that has provided written consent to receive notices under subsection (1) electronically.

  • Marginal note:Unnamed persons

    (2) The Minister shall not impose on any person (in this section referred to as a “third party”) a requirement under subsection 231.2(1) to provide information or any document relating to one or more unnamed persons unless the Minister first obtains the authorization of a judge under subsection 231.2(3).

  • Marginal note:Judicial authorization

    (3) A judge of the Federal Court may, on application by the Minister and subject to any conditions that the judge considers appropriate, authorize the Minister to impose on a third party a requirement under subsection (1) relating to an unnamed person or more than one unnamed person (in this section referred to as the “group”) if the judge is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the person or group is ascertainable; and

    • (b) the requirement is made to verify compliance by the person or persons in the group with any duty or obligation under this Act.

    • (c) and (d) [Repealed, 1996, c. 21, s. 58(1)]

  • (4) to (6) [Repealed, 2013, c. 33, s. 21]

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 231.2
  • 1996, c. 21, s. 58
  • 2000, c. 30, s. 176
  • 2007, c. 35, s. 63
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 21, c. 34, s. 353
  • 2021, c. 23, s. 55

Marginal note:Search warrant

  •  (1) A judge may, on ex parte application by the Minister, issue a warrant in writing authorizing any person named therein to enter and search any building, receptacle or place for any document or thing that may afford evidence as to the commission of an offence under this Act and to seize the document or thing and, as soon as practicable, bring it before, or make a report in respect of it to, the judge or, where the judge is unable to act, another judge of the same court to be dealt with by the judge in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Evidence in support of application

    (2) An application under subsection 231.3(1) shall be supported by information on oath establishing the facts on which the application is based.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (3) A judge may issue the warrant referred to in subsection 231.3(1) where the judge is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

    • (a) an offence under this Act was committed;

    • (b) a document or thing that may afford evidence of the commission of the offence is likely to be found; and

    • (c) the building, receptacle or place specified in the application is likely to contain such a document or thing.

  • Marginal note:Contents of warrant

    (4) A warrant issued under subsection 231.3(1) shall refer to the offence for which it is issued, identify the building, receptacle or place to be searched and the person alleged to have committed the offence and it shall be reasonably specific as to any document or thing to be searched for and seized.

  • Marginal note:Seizure of document

    (5) Any person who executes a warrant under subsection 231.3(1) may seize, in addition to the document or thing referred to in that subsection, any other document or thing that the person believes on reasonable grounds affords evidence of the commission of an offence under this Act and shall as soon as practicable bring the document or thing before, or make a report in respect thereof to, the judge who issued the warrant or, where the judge is unable to act, another judge of the same court to be dealt with by the judge in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Retention of things seized

    (6) Subject to subsection 231.3(7), where any document or thing seized under subsection 231.3(1) or 231.3(5) is brought before a judge or a report in respect thereof is made to a judge, the judge shall, unless the Minister waives retention, order that it be retained by the Minister, who shall take reasonable care to ensure that it is preserved until the conclusion of any investigation into the offence in relation to which the document or thing was seized or until it is required to be produced for the purposes of a criminal proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Return of things seized

    (7) Where any document or thing seized under subsection 231.3(1) or 231.3(5) is brought before a judge or a report in respect thereof is made to a judge, the judge may, of the judge’s own motion or on summary application by a person with an interest in the document or thing on three clear days notice of application to the Deputy Attorney General of Canada, order that the document or thing be returned to the person from whom it was seized or the person who is otherwise legally entitled thereto if the judge is satisfied that the document or thing

    • (a) will not be required for an investigation or a criminal proceeding; or

    • (b) was not seized in accordance with the warrant or this section.

  • Marginal note:Access and copies

    (8) The person from whom any document or thing is seized pursuant to this section is entitled, at all reasonable times and subject to such reasonable conditions as may be imposed by the Minister, to inspect the document or thing and to obtain one copy of the document at the expense of the Minister.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 231.3
  • 1994, c. 21. s. 108

Marginal note:Inquiry

  •  (1) The Minister may, for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, authorize any person, whether or not the person is an officer of the Canada Revenue Agency, to make such inquiry as the person may deem necessary with reference to anything relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Appointment of hearing officer

    (2) Where the Minister, pursuant to subsection 231.4(1), authorizes a person to make an inquiry, the Minister shall forthwith apply to the Tax Court of Canada for an order appointing a hearing officer before whom the inquiry will be held.

  • Marginal note:Powers of hearing officer

    (3) For the purposes of an inquiry authorized under subsection 231.4(1), a hearing officer appointed under subsection 231.4(2) in relation thereto has all the powers conferred on a commissioner by sections 4 and 5 of the Inquiries Act and that may be conferred on a commissioner under section 11 thereof.

  • Marginal note:When powers to be exercised

    (4) A hearing officer appointed under subsection 231.4(2) in relation to an inquiry shall exercise the powers conferred on a commissioner by section 4 of the Inquiries Act in relation to such persons as the person authorized to make the inquiry considers appropriate for the conduct thereof but the hearing officer shall not exercise the power to punish any person unless, on application by the hearing officer, a judge of a superior or county court certifies that the power may be exercised in the matter disclosed in the application and the applicant has given to the person in respect of whom the applicant proposes to exercise the power 24 hours notice of the hearing of the application or such shorter notice as the judge considers reasonable.

  • Marginal note:Rights of witness at inquiry

    (5) Any person who gives evidence in an inquiry authorized under subsection 231.4(1) is entitled to be represented by counsel and, on request made by the person to the Minister, to receive a transcript of the evidence given by the person.

  • Marginal note:Rights of person whose affairs are investigated

    (6) Any person whose affairs are investigated in the course of an inquiry authorized under subsection 231.4(1) is entitled to be present and to be represented by counsel throughout the inquiry unless the hearing officer appointed under subsection 231.4(2) in relation to the inquiry, on application by the Minister or a person giving evidence, orders otherwise in relation to the whole or any part of the inquiry on the ground that the presence of the person and the person’s counsel, or either of them, would be prejudicial to the effective conduct of the inquiry.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 231.4
  • 1999, c. 17, s. 168
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 138

Marginal note:Copies

  •  (1) Where any document is seized, inspected, audited, examined or provided under any of sections 231.1 to 231.4, the person by whom it is seized, inspected, audited or examined or to whom it is provided or any officer of the Canada Revenue Agency may make, or cause to be made, one or more copies thereof and, in the case of an electronic document, make or cause to be made a print-out of the electronic document, and any document purporting to be certified by the Minister or an authorized person to be a copy of the document, or to be a print-out of an electronic document, made pursuant to this section is evidence of the nature and content of the original document and has the same probative force as the original document would have if it were proven in the ordinary way.

  • Marginal note:Compliance

    (2) No person shall, physically or otherwise, interfere with, hinder or molest an official (in this subsection having the meaning assigned by subsection 241(10)) doing anything that the official is authorized to do under this Act or attempt to interfere with, hinder or molest any official doing or prevent or attempt to prevent an official from doing, anything that the official is authorized to do under this Act, and every person shall, unless the person is unable to do so, do everything that the person is required to do by or under subsection (1) or sections 231.1 to 231.4.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 231.5
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 229
  • 1999, c. 17, s. 168
  • 2001, c. 17, s. 182
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 138

Marginal note:Definition of foreign-based information or document

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section, foreign-based information or document means any information or document that is available or located outside Canada and that may be relevant to the administration or enforcement of this Act, including the collection of any amount payable under this Act by any person.

  • Marginal note:Requirement to provide foreign-based information

    (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Minister may, by notice sent or served in accordance with subsection (3.1), require that a person resident in Canada or a non-resident person carrying on business in Canada provide any foreign-based information or document.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) The notice referred to in subsection 231.6(2) shall set out

    • (a) a reasonable period of time of not less than 90 days for the production of the information or document;

    • (b) a description of the information or document being sought; and

    • (c) the consequences under subsection 231.6(8) to the person of the failure to provide the information or documents being sought within the period of time set out in the notice.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3.1) A notice referred to in subsection (2) may be

    • (a) served personally;

    • (b) sent by registered or certified mail; or

    • (c) sent electronically to a bank or credit union that has provided written consent to receive notices under subsection (2) electronically.

  • Marginal note:Review of foreign information requirement

    (4) The person who is sent or served with a notice of a requirement under subsection (2) may, within 90 days after the notice is sent or served, apply to a judge for a review of the requirement.

  • Marginal note:Powers on review

    (5) On hearing an application under subsection 231.6(4) in respect of a requirement, a judge may

    • (a) confirm the requirement;

    • (b) vary the requirement as the judge considers appropriate in the circumstances; or

    • (c) set aside the requirement if the judge is satisfied that the requirement is unreasonable.

  • Marginal note:Unreasonableness

    (6) For the purposes of paragraph (5)(c), the requirement to provide the information or document shall not be considered to be unreasonable because the information or document is under the control of or available to a non-resident person that is not controlled by the person who is sent or served with the notice of the requirement under subsection (2) if that person is related to the non-resident person.

  • Marginal note:Time period not to count

    (7) The period of time between the day on which an application for review of a requirement is made pursuant to subsection (4) and the day on which the application is finally disposed of shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (a) the period of time set out in the notice of the requirement; and

    • (b) the period of time within which an assessment may be made pursuant to subsection 152(4).

  • Marginal note:Consequence of failure

    (8) If a person fails to comply substantially with a notice sent or served under subsection (2) and if the notice is not set aside by a judge pursuant to subsection (5), any court having jurisdiction in a civil proceeding relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act shall, on motion of the Minister, prohibit the introduction by that person of any foreign-based information or document covered by that notice.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 231.6
  • 2000, c. 30, s. 177
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 23
  • 2021, c. 23, s. 56

Marginal note:Compliance order

  •  (1) On summary application by the Minister, a judge may, notwithstanding subsection 238(2), order a person to provide any access, assistance, information or document sought by the Minister under section 231.1 or 231.2 if the judge is satisfied that

    • (a) the person was required under section 231.1 or 231.2 to provide the access, assistance, information or document and did not do so; and

    • (b) in the case of information or a document, the information or document is not protected from disclosure by solicitor-client privilege (within the meaning of subsection 232(1)).

  • Marginal note:Notice required

    (2) An application under subsection (1) must not be heard before the end of five clear days from the day the notice of application is served on the person against whom the order is sought.

  • Marginal note:Judge may impose conditions

    (3) A judge making an order under subsection (1) may impose any conditions in respect of the order that the judge considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Contempt of court

    (4) If a person fails or refuses to comply with an order, a judge may find the person in contempt of court and the person is subject to the processes and the punishments of the court to which the judge is appointed.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (5) An order by a judge under subsection (1) may be appealed to a court having appellate jurisdiction over decisions of the court to which the judge is appointed. An appeal does not suspend the execution of the order unless it is so ordered by a judge of the court to which the appeal is made.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • 2001, c. 17, s. 183
 
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