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Nunavut Waters and Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal Act (S.C. 2002, c. 10)

Act current to 2020-07-28 and last amended on 2019-08-28. Previous Versions

PART 2Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal


Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Part.


flora means terrestrial and aquatic flora and any of their parts or products. It does not include trees suitable for commercial production of lumber or other building materials except where such trees are required by Inuit for local use, land-based activities or handicraft production. (espèces végétales)


harvesting means, in relation to wildlife, reduction into possession and includes hunting, trapping, fishing as defined in section 2 of the Fisheries Act, netting, egging, picking, collecting, gathering, spearing, killing, capturing or taking by any means. (exploitation)


Tribunal means the Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal established by section 99. (Tribunal)



  • (a) means terrestrial, aquatic, avian and amphibian fauna in their wild state and any of their parts or products; and

  • (b) subject to subsection 152(2), includes flora. (ressources fauniques)

General Provisions

Marginal note:Review

 The Minister shall review the provisions of this Part, except those provisions that implement obligations under the Agreement, with the representatives of any aboriginal group that is negotiating, in relation to Nunavut, a land claim, the implementation of a treaty or self-government in order to determine whether the provisions under review are inconsistent with the matters being negotiated and, if so, whether those provisions should be amended.

Marginal note:Access with consent

  •  (1) For greater certainty, except where otherwise provided in the Agreement, no persons, other than Inuit, may enter, cross or remain on Inuit-owned land without the consent of the designated Inuit organization.

  • Marginal note:Effect of entry order

    (2) Neither the issuance of an entry order by the Tribunal nor any term or condition of such an entry order has the effect of exempting the person to whom the entry order is issued from any obligation, restriction or prohibition imposed by an Act of Parliament, including an obligation, restriction or prohibition set out in the Agreement, or by an instrument made or issued under an Act of Parliament.

Her Majesty

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Part is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

DIVISION 1Establishment and Organization of Tribunal

Tribunal Established

Marginal note:Establishment

  •  (1) There is hereby established the Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal consisting of a Chairperson and not fewer than two nor more than ten other members to be appointed by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Odd number

    (2) The Minister shall make such appointments as are necessary to ensure that an odd number of members holds office at any time.

Marginal note:Residency qualification

  •  (1) At least two of the members shall be resident in Nunavut.

  • Marginal note:Effect of ceasing to be resident

    (2) If the Minister determines that a member has ceased to be resident in Nunavut and that the condition imposed by subsection (1) is not satisfied, the appointment of the member is terminated as of the date on which the member receives written notification from the Minister that the determination has been made.

Marginal note:Term of office

  •  (1) A member shall be appointed to hold office for a term not exceeding three years.

  • Marginal note:Acting after expiry of term

    (2) If the term of a member expires before the member has made a decision in a matter for which a hearing is held, the member may, with the authorization of the Chairperson, continue to act as a member only in relation to that matter until the hearing is concluded and a decision is made. The office of the member is deemed to be vacant as soon as the term expires for the purpose of the appointment of a replacement.

Marginal note:Reappointment

 A member is eligible to be reappointed to the Tribunal in the same or another capacity.

Marginal note:Duties of Chairperson

 The Chairperson is the chief executive officer of the Tribunal and has such powers, duties and functions as are prescribed by the by-laws of the Tribunal.

Marginal note:Remuneration and expenses

  •  (1) The members of the Tribunal shall receive fair remuneration, as determined by the Minister, for the performance of their duties and shall be paid such travel and living expenses incurred while absent from their ordinary place of residence in the course of performing their duties as are consistent with Treasury Board directives for public servants.

  • Marginal note:Workers’ compensation

    (2) A member is deemed to be an employee for the purposes of the Government Employees Compensation Act and to be employed in the public service of Canada for the purposes of any regulations made under section 9 of the Aeronautics Act.

Marginal note:Indemnification of Tribunal members and employees

 The members and employees of the Tribunal shall be indemnified by the Tribunal against all damages awarded against them, any settlement paid by them with the approval of the Minister and all expenses reasonably incurred by them, in respect of any claim arising out of their functions as members or employees, if those functions were carried out honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Tribunal.


Marginal note:Language of business

  •  (1) The Tribunal shall conduct its business in both of the official languages of Canada in accordance with the Official Languages Act and any directives of the Minister and, on request by any designated Inuit organization, in Inuktitut.

  • Marginal note:Translation or interpretation

    (2) Subject to subsections 16(1) and (2) of the Official Languages Act, nothing in subsection (1) shall be construed to prevent the use of translation or interpretation services where a member of the Tribunal is otherwise unable to conduct business in Inuktitut or in either official language.

  • Marginal note:Witnesses

    (3) The Tribunal has, in any proceedings before it, the duty to ensure that any person giving evidence before it may be heard in Inuktitut or in either official language, and that in being so heard the person will not be placed at a disadvantage by not being heard in another of those languages.

  • Marginal note:Duty to provide simultaneous interpretation

    (4) The Tribunal has, in any proceedings before it, the duty to ensure that, at the request of any party to the proceedings, facilities are made available for the simultaneous interpretation of the proceedings, including the evidence given and taken, from Inuktitut into one of the official languages, from one of the official languages into Inuktitut or from one of the official languages into the other.

  • Marginal note:Translation of documents

    (5) The Tribunal has, in any proceedings before it, the duty to provide a translation of any document prepared in Inuktitut or in one of the official languages for the purpose of the proceedings by a party to the proceedings into one or both of the official languages or into Inuktitut or the other official language where necessary to enable another party to the proceedings to understand and deal with the document.

  • Marginal note:Translation of orders

    (6) The Tribunal shall, on the request of a party to any proceedings before it, provide a translation into Inuktitut of any order made in the proceedings, including any reasons given for the order.

Head Office and Meetings

Marginal note:Head office

 The head office of the Tribunal shall be at Iqaluit or at such other place in Nunavut as the Governor in Council may designate.

Marginal note:Business meetings

  •  (1) The meetings of the Tribunal shall be held at such times and at such places as the Tribunal considers necessary or desirable for the proper conduct of its business.

  • Marginal note:Participation by telephone

    (2) Subject to the by-laws of the Tribunal, any member may participate in a business meeting by means of telephone or other communications facilities that are likely to enable all persons participating in the meeting to hear each other, and a member so participating is deemed for all purposes of this Part to be present at that meeting.


Marginal note:By-laws

 The Tribunal may make by-laws respecting the conduct and management of the internal administrative affairs of the Tribunal, including by-laws respecting the assignment of members to panels of the Tribunal.

General Powers

Marginal note:Staff

 The Tribunal may employ such officers and employees and engage the services of such agents, advisers and experts as are necessary for the proper conduct of its business and may fix the terms and conditions of their employment or engagement and pay their remuneration.

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