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Cooperative Credit Associations Act (S.C. 1991, c. 48)

Act current to 2023-01-25 and last amended on 2022-01-01. Previous Versions

PART IInterpretation and Application (continued)

Interpretation

Marginal note:Regulations — distributing association

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting the determination of what constitutes a distributing association for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Exemption — association

    (2) On the application of an association, the Superintendent may determine that it is not or was not a distributing association if the Superintendent is satisfied that the determination would not prejudice any of its security holders.

  • Marginal note:Exemption — class of associations

    (3) The Superintendent may determine that members of a class of associations are not or were not distributing associations if the Superintendent is satisfied that the determination would not prejudice any security holder of a member of the class.

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 141

Marginal note:Control

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act,

    • (a) a person controls a body corporate if securities of the body corporate to which are attached more than 50 per cent of the votes that may be cast to elect directors of the body corporate are beneficially owned by the person and the votes attached to those securities are sufficient, if exercised, to elect a majority of the directors of the body corporate;

    • (b) a person controls an unincorporated entity, other than a limited partnership, if more than 50 per cent of the ownership interests, however designated, into which the entity is divided are beneficially owned by that person and the person is able to direct the business and affairs of the entity;

    • (c) the general partner of a limited partnership controls the limited partnership;

    • (d) a person controls a cooperative corporation if the person has the right to exercise more than 50 per cent of the votes that may be cast at an annual meeting or to appoint or elect the majority of the directors of the corporation; and

    • (e) a person controls an entity if the person has any direct or indirect influence that, if exercised, would result in control in fact of the entity.

  • Marginal note:Deemed control

    (2) A person who controls an entity is deemed to control any entity that is controlled, or deemed to be controlled, by the entity.

  • Marginal note:Deemed control

    (3) A person is deemed to control, within the meaning of paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (d), an entity if the aggregate of

    • (a) any securities of the entity that are beneficially owned by that person, and

    • (b) any securities of the entity that are beneficially owned by any entity controlled by that person

    is such that, if that person and all of the entities referred to in paragraph (b) that beneficially own securities of the entity were one person, that person would control the entity.

  • Marginal note:Guidelines

    (4) The Minister may, for any purpose of any provision of this Act that refers to control within the meaning of paragraph (1)(e), make guidelines respecting what constitutes such control, including guidelines describing the policy objectives that the guidelines and the relevant provisions of the Act are intended to achieve and, if any such guidelines are made, the reference to paragraph (1)(e) in that provision shall be interpreted in accordance with the guidelines.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 3
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 249

Marginal note:Holding body corporate

 A body corporate is the holding body corporate of any entity that is its subsidiary.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 4
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 250

Marginal note:Subsidiary

 An entity is a subsidiary of another entity if it is controlled by the other entity.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 5
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 250

Marginal note:Affiliated entities

  •  (1) One entity is affiliated with another entity if one of them is controlled by the other or both are controlled by the same person.

  • (2) [Repealed, 2001, c. 9, s. 251]

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 6
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 251

Marginal note:Member

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, a person is a holder of a membership share of an association when, according to the members register of the association, the person is the owner of the membership share or is entitled to be entered in the members register or like record of the association as the owner of the membership share.

  • Marginal note:Holder of a membership share

    (2) A reference in this Act to the holding of a membership share by or in the name of a person is a reference to the fact that the person is registered or is entitled to be registered in the members register or like record of the association as the holder of that share.

Marginal note:Shareholder

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, a person is a shareholder of a body corporate when, according to the securities register of the body corporate, the person is the owner of one or more shares of the body corporate or is entitled to be entered in the securities register or like record of the body corporate as the owner of the share or shares.

  • Marginal note:Holder of a share

    (2) A reference in this Act to the holding of a share by or in the name of any person is a reference to the fact that the person is registered or is entitled to be registered in the securities register or like record of the body corporate as the holder of that share.

Marginal note:Significant interest

  •  (1) A person has a significant interest in a class of shares of an association where the aggregate of

    • (a) any shares of that class beneficially owned by the person, and

    • (b) any shares of that class beneficially owned by entities controlled by the person

    exceeds 10 per cent of all of the outstanding shares of that class of shares of the association.

  • Marginal note:Increasing significant interest

    (2) A person who has a significant interest in a class of shares of an association increases that significant interest in the class of shares where the person or any entity controlled by the person

    • (a) acquires beneficial ownership of additional shares of that class, or

    • (b) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns shares of that class,

    in such number as to increase the percentage of shares of that class that are beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person.

Marginal note:Acting in concert — members’ rights to vote

  •  (1) For the purposes of section 52, where two or more members have agreed, pursuant to any agreement, commitment or understanding, whether formal or informal, verbal or written, to act jointly or in concert in respect of the exercise of any right to vote at a meeting of members, those members shall be deemed to be a single member.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) For the purposes of this section, members shall be presumed not to have agreed to act jointly or in concert solely by reason of the fact that

    • (a) their membership voting rights are vested in the same delegate or delegates; or

    • (b) they exercise their membership voting rights in the same manner.

  • Marginal note:Designation

    (3) Where in the opinion of the Superintendent it is reasonable to conclude that an agreement, commitment or understanding referred to in subsection (1) exists by or among two or more members, the Superintendent may designate those members as members who have agreed to act jointly or in concert.

  • Marginal note:Contravention

    (4) A member contravenes section 52 if the member agrees to act jointly or in concert with one or more other members in such a manner that a deemed single member contravenes that section.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 10
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 136

Marginal note:Acting in concert — shares

  •  (1) For the purposes of Part VIII, where two or more persons have agreed, pursuant to any agreement, commitment or understanding, whether formal or informal, verbal or written, to act jointly or in concert in respect of

    • (a) shares of an association that they beneficially own,

    • (b) shares or ownership interests that they beneficially own of any entity that beneficially owns shares of an association, or

    • (c) shares or ownership interests that they beneficially own of any entity that controls any entity that beneficially owns shares of an association,

    those persons shall be deemed to be a single person who is acquiring beneficial ownership of the aggregate number of shares of the association or shares or ownership interests of the entity that are beneficially owned by them.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), any agreement, commitment or understanding by or between two or more persons who beneficially own shares of an association or shares or ownership interests of any entity referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (c),

    • (a) whereby any of them or their nominees may veto any proposal put before the board of directors of the association, or

    • (b) pursuant to which no proposal put before the board of directors of the association may be approved except with the consent of any of them or their nominees,

    shall be deemed to be an agreement, commitment or understanding referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (3) For the purposes of this section, persons shall be presumed not to have agreed to act jointly or in concert solely by reason of the fact that

    • (a) one is the proxyholder of one or more of the others in respect of shares or ownership interests referred to in subsection (1); or

    • (b) they vote the voting rights attached to shares or ownership interests referred to in subsection (1) in the same manner.

  • Marginal note:Designation

    (4) Where in the opinion of the Superintendent it is reasonable to conclude that an agreement, commitment or understanding referred to in subsections (1) and (2) exists by or among two or more persons, the Superintendent may designate those persons as persons who have agreed to act jointly or in concert.

  • Marginal note:Contravention

    (5) A person contravenes a provision of Part VIII if the person agrees to act jointly or in concert with one or more other persons in such a manner that a deemed single person contravenes the provision.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 11
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 137

Marginal note:Substantial investment in body corporate

  •  (1) A person has a substantial investment in a body corporate where

    • (a) the voting rights attached to the aggregate of any voting shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person exceed 10 per cent of the voting rights attached to all of the outstanding voting shares of the body corporate or, in the case of a cooperative corporation, the person, together with any entities controlled by the person, has the right to exercise more than 10 per cent of the votes that may be cast at an annual meeting; or

    • (b) the aggregate of any shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person represents ownership of greater than 25 per cent of the equity of the body corporate.

  • Marginal note:Increasing substantial investment in body corporate

    (2) A person who has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(a) increases that substantial investment when the person or any entity controlled by the person

    • (a) acquires beneficial ownership of additional voting shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of voting rights attached to the aggregate of the voting shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person or, in the case of a cooperative corporation, obtains the right to exercise more than 10 per cent of the votes that may be cast at an annual meeting; or

    • (b) acquires, as the case may be,

      • (i) control of any entity that beneficially owns any voting shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of voting rights attached to the aggregate of the voting shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person, or

      • (ii) where the body corporate is a cooperative corporation, control of any entity that has the right to exercise one or more votes that may be cast at an annual meeting of the cooperative corporation.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) A person who has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(b) increases that substantial investment when the person or any entity controlled by the person

    • (a) acquires beneficial ownership of additional shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of the equity of the body corporate represented by the aggregate of the shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person; or

    • (b) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns any shares of the body corporate in such number as to increase the percentage of the equity of the body corporate represented by the aggregate of the shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person.

  • Marginal note:New substantial investment

    (4) For greater certainty,

    • (a) where a person has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(a) and the person, or any entity controlled by the person,

      • (i) purchases or otherwise acquires beneficial ownership of shares of the body corporate, or

      • (ii) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns shares of the body corporate

      in such number as to cause the equity of the body corporate represented by the aggregate of the shares of the body corporate beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person to exceed 25 per cent of the equity of the body corporate, or

    • (b) where a person has a substantial investment in a body corporate pursuant to paragraph (1)(b) and the person or any entity controlled by the person

      • (i) purchases or otherwise acquires beneficial ownership of voting shares of the body corporate or, where the body corporate is a cooperative corporation, purchases or otherwise acquires beneficial ownership of membership shares of the cooperative corporation, or

      • (ii) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns voting shares of the body corporate or, where the body corporate is a cooperative corporation, acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns membership shares of the cooperative corporation,

      in such number as to cause the voting rights attached to the aggregate of the voting shares beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person to exceed 10 per cent of the voting rights attached to all the outstanding voting shares of the body corporate or, where the body corporate is a cooperative corporation, in such number that the person, together with any entities controlled by the person, has the right to exercise more than 10 per cent of the votes that may be cast at an annual meeting of the cooperative corporation,

    the acquisition is deemed to cause the person to increase a substantial investment in the body corporate.

  • Marginal note:Substantial investment in unincorporated entity

    (5) A person has a substantial investment in an unincorporated entity where the aggregate of any ownership interests, however designated, into which the entity is divided, beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person exceeds 25 per cent of all of the ownership interests into which the entity is divided.

  • Marginal note:Increasing substantial investment in unincorporated entities

    (6) A person who has a substantial investment in an unincorporated entity increases that substantial investment when the person or any entity controlled by the person

    • (a) acquires beneficial ownership of additional ownership interests in the unincorporated entity in such number as to increase the percentage of ownership interests in the unincorporated entity beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person; or

    • (b) acquires control of any entity that beneficially owns ownership interests in the unincorporated entity in such number as to increase the percentage of ownership interests beneficially owned by the person and by any entities controlled by the person.

 
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