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Cooperative Credit Associations Act (S.C. 1991, c. 48)

Act current to 2023-01-11 and last amended on 2022-01-01. Previous Versions

PART XInvestments (continued)

Subsidiaries and Equity Investments (continued)

Marginal note:Approval for indirect investments

  •  (1) If an association obtains the approval of the Minister under subsection 390(5) to acquire control of, or to acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity and, through that acquisition or increase, the association indirectly acquires control of, or acquires or increases a substantial investment in, another entity that would require the approval of the Minister under subsection 390(5) or the Superintendent under subsection 390(6) and that indirect acquisition or increase is disclosed to the Minister in writing before the approval is obtained, the association is deemed to have obtained the approval of the Minister or the Superintendent for that indirect acquisition or increase.

  • Marginal note:Approval for indirect investments

    (2) If an association obtains the approval of the Superintendent under subsection 390(6) to acquire control of, or to acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity and, through that acquisition or increase the association indirectly acquires control of, or acquires or increases a substantial investment in, another entity that would require the approval of the Superintendent under that subsection and that indirect acquisition or increase is disclosed to the Superintendent in writing before the approval is obtained, the association is deemed to have obtained the approval of the Superintendent for that indirect acquisition or increase.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 391
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314

Marginal note:Undertakings

  •  (1) If an association controls a permitted entity, other than an entity referred to in any of paragraphs 390(1)(a) to (d), the association shall provide the Superintendent with any undertakings that the Superintendent may require regarding

    • (a) the activities of the entity; and

    • (b) access to information about the entity.

  • Marginal note:Undertakings

    (2) If an association acquires control of an entity referred to in any of paragraphs 390(1)(e) to (g), the association shall provide the Superintendent with any undertakings concerning the entity that the Superintendent may require.

  • Marginal note:Agreements with other jurisdictions

    (3) The Superintendent may enter into an agreement with the appropriate official or public body responsible for the supervision of any entity referred to in any of paragraphs 390(1)(e) to (g) in each province or in any other jurisdiction concerning any matters referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) or any other matter the Superintendent considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Access to records

    (4) Despite any other provision of this Part, an association shall not control a permitted entity, other than an entity referred to in any of paragraphs 390(1)(a) to (d), unless, in the course of the acquisition of control or within a reasonable time after the control is acquired, the association obtains from the permitted entity an undertaking to provide the Superintendent with reasonable access to the records of the permitted entity.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 392
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314

Exceptions and Exclusions

Marginal note:Temporary investments in entity

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), an association may, by way of a temporary investment, acquire control of, or acquire or increase a substantial investment in, an entity but, within two years, or any other period that may be specified or approved by the Superintendent, after acquiring control or after acquiring or increasing the substantial investment, as the case may be, it shall do all things necessary to ensure that it no longer controls the entity or has a substantial investment in the entity.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (2) Despite subsection (1), if an association that was in existence immediately before June 1, 1992 had an investment in an entity on September 27, 1990 that is a substantial investment within the meaning of section 12 and the association subsequently increases that substantial investment by way of a temporary investment, the association shall, within two years, or any other period that is specified or approved by the Superintendent, after increasing the substantial investment, do all things necessary to ensure that its substantial investment in the entity is no greater than it was on September 27, 1990.

  • Marginal note:Extension

    (3) The Superintendent may, in the case of any particular association that makes an application under this subsection, extend the period of two years, or the other period specified or approved by the Superintendent, that is referred to in subsection (1) or (2) for any further period or periods, and on any terms and conditions, that the Superintendent considers necessary.

  • Marginal note:Temporary investment

    (4) If an association, by way of temporary investment, acquires control of, or acquires or increases a substantial investment in, an entity for which the approval of the Minister would have been required under subsection 390(5) if the association had acquired the control, or acquired or increased the substantial investment, under section 390, the association must, within 90 days after acquiring control or after acquiring or increasing the substantial investment,

    • (a) apply to the Minister for approval to retain control of the entity or to continue to hold the substantial investment in the entity for a period specified by the Minister or for an indeterminate period on any terms and conditions that the Minister considers appropriate; or

    • (b) do all things necessary to ensure that, on the expiry of the 90 days, it no longer controls the entity or does not have a substantial investment in the entity.

  • Marginal note:Indeterminate extension

    (5) If an association, by way of temporary investment, acquires control of, or acquires or increases a substantial investment in, an entity for which the approval of the Superintendent would have been required under subsection 390(6) if the association had acquired the control, or acquired or increased the substantial investment, under section 390, the Superintendent may, on application, permit the association to retain control of the entity or to continue to hold the substantial investment in the entity for an indeterminate period, on any terms and conditions that the Superintendent considers appropriate.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 393
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 174

Marginal note:Loan workouts

  •  (1) Despite anything in this Part, if an association or any of its subsidiaries has made a loan to an entity and, under the terms of the agreement between the association, or any of its subsidiaries, and the entity with respect to the loan and any other documents governing the terms of the loan, a default has occurred, the association may acquire

    • (a) if the entity is a body corporate, all or any of the shares of the body corporate;

    • (b) if the entity is an unincorporated entity, all or any of the ownership interests in the entity;

    • (c) all or any of the shares or all or any of the ownership interests in any entity that is an affiliate of the entity;

    • (d) all or any of the shares of a body corporate that is primarily engaged in holding shares of, ownership interests in or assets acquired from the entity or any of its affiliates; or

    • (e) all or any of the ownership interests in any entity that is primarily engaged in holding shares of, ownership interests in or assets acquired from the entity or any of its affiliates.

  • Marginal note:Obligation of association

    (2) If an association acquires shares or ownership interests in an entity under subsection (1), the association shall, within five years after acquiring them, do all things necessary to ensure that the association does not control the entity or have a substantial investment in the entity.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (3) Despite subsection (1), if an association that was in existence immediately before June 1, 1992 had an investment in an entity on September 27, 1990 that is a substantial investment within the meaning of section 12 and the association later increases that substantial investment by way of an investment made under subsection (1), the association shall, within five years after increasing the substantial investment, do all things necessary to ensure that its substantial investment in the entity is no greater than it was on September 27, 1990.

  • Marginal note:Extension

    (4) The Superintendent may, in the case of any particular association that makes an application under this subsection, extend the period of five years referred to in subsection (2) or (3) for any further period or periods, and on any terms and conditions, that the Superintendent considers necessary.

  • Marginal note:Exception — entities controlled by foreign governments

    (5) Despite anything in this Part, if an association has made a loan to, or holds a debt obligation of, the government of a foreign country or an entity controlled by the government of a foreign country and, under the terms of the agreement between the association and that government or the entity, as the case may be, and any other documents governing the terms of the loan or debt obligation, a default has occurred, the association may acquire all or any of the shares of, or ownership interests in, that entity or in any other entity designated by that government, if the acquisition is part of a debt restructuring program of that government.

  • Marginal note:Time for holding shares

    (6) If an association acquires any shares or ownership interests under subsection (5), the association may, on any terms and conditions that the Superintendent considers appropriate, hold those shares or ownership interests for an indeterminate period or for any other period that the Superintendent may specify.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (7) If, under subsection (1), an association acquires control of, or acquires or increases a substantial investment in, an entity that it would otherwise be permitted to acquire or increase under section 390, the association may retain control of the entity or continue to hold the substantial investment for an indeterminate period, if the approval in writing of the Minister is obtained before the end of the period referred to in subsection (2) or (3), including any extension of it granted under subsection (4).

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 394
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 143
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 175

Marginal note:Realizations

  •  (1) Despite anything in this Act, an association may acquire

    • (a) an investment in a body corporate,

    • (b) an interest in an unincorporated entity, or

    • (c) an interest in real property,

    if the investment or interest is acquired through the realization of a security interest held by the association or any of its subsidiaries.

  • Marginal note:Disposition

    (2) Subject to subsection 81(2), if an association acquires control of, or a substantial investment in, an entity by way of the realization of a security interest held by the association or any of its subsidiaries, the association shall, within five years after the day on which the substantial investment is acquired, do all things necessary, or cause its subsidiary to do all things necessary, as the case may be, to ensure that the association no longer controls the entity or has a substantial investment in the entity.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (3) Despite subsection (2), if an association that was in existence immediately before June 1, 1992 had an investment in an entity on September 27, 1990 that is a substantial investment within the meaning of section 12 and the association later increases that substantial investment by way of a realization of a security interest under subsection (1), the association shall, within five years after increasing the substantial investment, do all things necessary to ensure that its substantial investment in the entity is no greater than it was on September 27, 1990.

  • Marginal note:Extension

    (4) The Superintendent may, in the case of any particular association that makes an application under this subsection, extend the period of five years referred to in subsection (2) or (3) for any further period or periods, and on any terms and conditions, that the Superintendent considers necessary.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (5) If, under subsection (1), an association acquires control of, or acquires or increases a substantial investment in, an entity that it would otherwise be permitted to acquire or increase under section 390, the association may retain control of the entity or continue to hold the substantial investment for an indeterminate period, if the approval in writing of the Minister is obtained before the end of the period referred to in subsection (2) or (3), including any extension of it granted under subsection (4).

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 395
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 144
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314

Marginal note:Regulations restricting ownership

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) for the purposes of subsection 390(4), permitting the acquisition of control or the acquisition or increase of substantial investments, or prescribing the circumstances under which that subsection does not apply or the associations or other entities in respect of which that subsection does not apply, including prescribing associations or other entities on the basis of the activities they engage in;

  • (b) for the purposes of subsection 390(5) or (6), permitting the acquisition of control or the acquisition or increase of substantial investments, or prescribing the circumstances under which either of those subsections does not apply or the associations or other entities in respect of which either of those subsections does not apply, including prescribing associations or other entities on the basis of the activities they engage in;

  • (c) for the purposes of subsection 390(10), permitting an association to give up control of an entity; and

  • (d) restricting the ownership by an association of shares of a body corporate or of ownership interests in an unincorporated entity under sections 390 to 395 and imposing terms and conditions applicable to associations that own such shares or interests.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 396
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 145
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314

Portfolio Limits

Marginal note:Exclusion from portfolio limits

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), the value of all loans, investments and interests acquired by an association and any of its prescribed subsidiaries under section 394 or as a result of a realization of a security interest is not to be included in calculating the value of loans, investments and interests of the association and its prescribed subsidiaries under sections 398 to 402

    • (a) for a period of twelve years following the day on which the interest was acquired, in the case of an interest in real property; and

    • (b) for a period of five years after the day on which the loan, investment or interest was acquired, in the case of a loan, investment or interest, other than an interest in real property.

  • Marginal note:Extension

    (2) The Superintendent may, in the case of any particular association, extend any period referred to in subsection (1) for any further period or periods, and on any terms and conditions, that the Superintendent considers necessary.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of an investment or interest described in that subsection if the investment or interest is defined by a regulation made under section 403 to be an interest in real property and

    • (a) the association or the subsidiary acquired the investment or interest as a result of the realization of a security interest securing a loan that was defined by a regulation made under section 403 to be an interest in real property; or

    • (b) the association or the subsidiary acquired the investment or interest under section 394 as a result of a default referred to in that section in respect of a loan that was defined by a regulation made under section 403 to be an interest in real property.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 397
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 146
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314

Commercial Loans

Marginal note:Lending limit: regulatory capital of $25 million or less

 An association with twenty-five million dollars or less of regulatory capital shall not, and shall not permit its prescribed subsidiaries to,

  • (a) make or acquire a commercial loan, or

  • (b) acquire control of a permitted entity that holds commercial loans,

if the aggregate value of all commercial loans held by the association and its prescribed subsidiaries exceeds, or the acquisition or making of the commercial loan or the acquisition of control of the entity would cause the aggregate value of all commercial loans held by the association and its prescribed subsidiaries to exceed, 5% of the total assets of the association.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 398
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314

Marginal note:Lending limit: regulatory capital over $25 million

 An association with more than twenty-five million dollars of regulatory capital may

  • (a) make or acquire commercial loans, or

  • (b) acquire control of a permitted entity that holds commercial loans,

if the aggregate value of all commercial loans held by the association and its prescribed subsidiaries would thereby exceed 5% of the total assets of the association only with the prior approval in writing of the Superintendent and in accordance with any terms and conditions that the Superintendent may specify.

  • 1991, c. 48, s. 399
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 314
 
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