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Canada Shipping Act, 2001 (S.C. 2001, c. 26)

Act current to 2020-05-17 and last amended on 2019-07-30. Previous Versions

PART 9Pollution Prevention — Department of Transport (continued)

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Contravention of Act or regulations

  •  (1) Every person who, or vessel that, contravenes any of the following commits an offence:

    • (a) section 187 (discharge of a pollutant);

    • (b) section 188 (implement shipboard oil pollution emergency plan);

    • (c) a direction given under subparagraph 189(d)(i) (proceed to a place and unload a pollutant); and

    • (d) a provision of the regulations made under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person or vessel that commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Continuing offence

    (3) If an offence under paragraph (1)(a) is committed or continued on more than one day, the person or vessel that committed it is liable to be convicted for a separate offence for each day on which it is committed or continued.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (4) In determining the punishment under subsection (2), the court may have regard to the following factors:

    • (a) the harm or risk of harm caused by the offence;

    • (b) an estimate of the total costs of clean-up, of harm caused, and of the best available mitigation measures;

    • (c) the remedial action taken, or proposed to be taken, by the offender to mitigate the harm;

    • (d) whether the discharge or anticipated discharge was reported in accordance with the regulations made under paragraph 190(1)(b);

    • (e) any economic benefits accruing to the offender that, but for the offence, the offender would not have received; and

    • (f) any evidence from which the court may reasonably conclude that the offender has a history of non-compliance with legislation designed to prevent or to minimize pollution.

Marginal note:Contravention of directions

  •  (1) Every vessel commits an offence that contravenes

    • (a) a direction given under paragraph 189(a) or (b) (to provide information);

    • (b) a direction given under paragraph 189(c) (to proceed by a specified route); or

    • (c) a direction given under subparagraph 189(d)(ii) (to proceed to a place and remain there).

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every vessel that commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $100,000.

Marginal note:Court orders

 If an offender is convicted of an offence under this Part, in addition to imposing any other punishment that may be imposed under this Act, the court may, having regard to the nature of the offence and the circumstances surrounding its commission, make an order having any or all of the following effects:

  • (a) prohibiting the offender from performing any act or engaging in any activity that may result in the continuation or repetition of the offence;

  • (b) directing the offender to publish the facts relating to the conviction;

  • (c) directing the offender to submit to the Minister, on application by the Minister made within three years after the date of the conviction, any information with respect to the offender’s activities that the court considers appropriate and just in the circumstances;

  • (d) in the case of a discharge, directing the offender to pay an amount for the purpose of conducting research into the ecological use and disposal of the pollutant in respect of which the offence was committed; and

  • (e) requiring the offender to comply with any other reasonable conditions that the court considers appropriate and just in the circumstances for securing the offender’s good conduct and preventing the offender from repeating the same offence or committing other offences.

PART 10Pleasure Craft

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Part.

enforcement officer

enforcement officer means

  • (a) a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police;

  • (b) a member of any harbour or river police force;

  • (c) a member of any provincial, county or municipal police force; and

  • (d) any person, or member of a class of persons, designated under subsection 196(1). (agent de l’autorité)

inspector

inspector means a pleasure craft safety inspector designated under subsection 195(1). (inspecteur)

licence

licence means a licence issued for a pleasure craft under this Part. (permis)

Minister

Minister means the Minister of Transport. (ministre)

  • 2001, c. 26, s. 194
  • 2005, c. 29, s. 31

Inspections

Marginal note:Designation

  •  (1) The Minister may designate persons or classes of persons as pleasure craft safety inspectors.

  • Marginal note:Certificate

    (2) The Minister must furnish every inspector with a certificate of designation as a pleasure craft safety inspector authorizing the inspector to carry out inspections under sections 196 and 198.

  • Marginal note:Immunity

    (3) Inspectors are not personally liable for anything they do or omit to do in good faith under this Part.

Marginal note:Designation

  •  (1) The Minister may designate persons or classes of persons as enforcement officers.

  • Marginal note:Inspections — general

    (2) An enforcement officer may inspect a pleasure craft or any of its machinery or equipment for the purpose of ensuring compliance with any provision of this Part, other than section 197, or the regulations made under this Part, other than the regulations made under paragraph 207(1)(f), (g), (i) or (j).

  • Marginal note:Inspections — structural integrity

    (3) An inspector may inspect a pleasure craft or any of its machinery or equipment for structural integrity or compliance with the regulations made under any of paragraphs 207(1)(f) to (m).

  • Marginal note:Powers

    (4) Enforcement officers acting under subsection (2) and inspectors acting under subsection (3) may

    • (a) stop or board the craft at any reasonable time;

    • (b) direct any person to put into operation or cease operating any machinery or equipment on the craft;

    • (c) direct that the craft not be moved until the inspection is completed;

    • (d) direct any person to move the craft to a safe place if the officer or inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that it does not meet the requirements of this Part or the regulations made under this Part or exposes any person to serious danger, and direct that it not be operated until it meets those requirements or no longer exposes any person to serious danger; and

    • (e) direct any person to move the craft to a safe place if the officer or inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that the operator does not meet the requirements of the regulations made under this Part, and direct that the operator not operate it until the operator meets those requirements.

  • Marginal note:Duty to assist

    (5) The owner or person in charge of a pleasure craft and every person on board shall

    • (a) give an officer or inspector all reasonable assistance to enable them to carry out an inspection and exercise any power conferred by this section; and

    • (b) produce to an officer or inspector any document, or provide them with any information, that the officer or inspector may reasonably require, for the administration of this Part or Part 5 (Navigation Services) or the regulations made under either of those Parts.

Marginal note:Manufacturers and importers

  •  (1) Every manufacturer, builder or importer of a pleasure craft shall ensure that it is constructed in accordance with the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Vendors

    (2) No person shall, in the course of a commercial enterprise, sell a pleasure craft that does not display a plate or label if required to do so by the regulations made under paragraph 207(1)(h).

 
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